Seasonal Affective Disorder
Some people experience a serious mood change during the winter
months, when there is less natural sunlight. This condition is
called seasonal affective disorder, or
SAD. SAD is a type of depression. It usually lifts during spring
Not everyone with SAD has the same symptoms. They include:
- Sad, anxious or "empty" feelings
- Feelings of hopelessness and/or pessimism
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness or helplessness
- Irritability, restlessness
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to
- Fatigue and decreased energy
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering details and making
- Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
- Changes in weight
- Thoughts of death or suicide
SAD may be effectively treated with light therapy. But nearly
half of people with SAD do not respond to light therapy alone.
Antidepressant medicines and talk therapy can reduce SAD symptoms,
either alone or combined with light therapy.
NIH: National Institute of Mental Health
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